Tuesday 29 November 2016

Nov 29, 2016: new webpage pillarhall.com

November 29 is the date when the first patent on Atomic Layer Epitaxy, currently known as Atomic Layer Deposition, was filed in 1974.

Forty years after filing the first patent, on the same day in 2014, the Finnish Centre of Excellence in Atomic Layer Deposition (ALDCoE) released the FinALD40 exhibition material. The material is still accessible through the aldcoe.fi and vph-ald.com websites.

Two years later, again on the same day, VTT launched a new website: http://pillarhall.com. This website is related to the microscopic lateral high-aspect-ratio (LHAR) thin film conformality test structure developed at VTT, also known as "PillarHall" (protected trademark). The original ideas that have resulted in the PillarHall test structures have been created by VTT'ers in the ALDCoE project funded by the Academy of Finland and has already resulted in two scientific publications (details in pillarhall.com). The research and development work continues with the University of Helsinki ALD group and many other groups worldwide, as well as in a dedicated "TUTL" project funded by Tekes - the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation.

"What you can't measure, you can't improve". If you are interested in VTT's conformality test structures, please have a look and find the appropriate contact information at the website http://pillarhall.com.

Diced 150 mm silicon wafer with PillarHallTM conformality test chip prototypes. Photo: Riikka Puurunen, VTT, November 16, 2016.

Virtual Project on the History of ALD (VPHA) - in atmosphere of Openness, Respect, and Trust

Saturday 26 November 2016

ALD info in Japan sought

The previous post on the ACSI-conference series brings me back to Japan and ALD. The topic fits Wikipedia having an Asian month in November.)

My feeling is that we are still missing a lot of information of Japanese ALD works in VPHA. (This feeling is based on the information reported in the "ALE essay" and the VPHA manuscript in JVSTA, in press as of Nov 26, 2016.) For example: currently, we have in total 330 PhD-equivalent academic theses listed related to ALD worldwide (see VPHA-ALD-thesis-list). The picture below shows the distribution of theses per country. There are currently none listed from Japan, while I am sure there many academic theses that should be listed. How to get information on them?

The number of PhD-equivalent theses on ALD per country, as listed in VPHA-ALD-thesis-list as of November 26, 2016.

ACSI ALD conference info sought

Some weeks ago, being an opponent in a PhD thesis defence, I had the pleasure to visit professors Tuula and Tapani Pakkanen at the University of Eastern Finland. Many in VPHA may remember Tapani Pakkanen as the person who started quantum chemical calculations on ALD in the early 1980s.

Among other things, we discussed the VPHA ALD history activities. One thing that I learned from the Pakkanens is that in the early 1990s, an ALD conference has been organized in Joensuu, Finland, called ACSI-2. This conference was missing from the VPHA-ALD-conference-list and has since then been added. The full conference name was "Second International Symposium on Atomically Controlled Surfaces and Interfaces". Proceedings were published in Applied Surface Science 75 (1994) 1-363. As this was "ACSI-2", it is obvious that an "ACSI-1" and probably at least "ACSI-3" (and maybe more?) has been organized.

Tuomo Suntola and Riikka Puurunen at Micronova, Espoo, Finland, November 25, 2016. Photo by Mikko Utriainen. 
Yesterday, on November the 25th, Dr. Tuomo Suntola visited VTT Micronova (see the photo). Suntola confirmed that the ACSI conference series was organized around the topic of ALD---which was of course not called ALD at that time. Suntola told furthermore that the ACSI conferences were organized largely on the initiative of Prof. Jun-ichi Nishizawa from Japan (biographical article here), and that at least one of the conferences has been organized in Sendai, Japan.

ALDpulse.com announces to stop

According to announcement published by ALD Pulse in Facebook, 25.11.2016, aldpulse.com stops with ALD-activities and thereby becomes part of the colourful history of atomic layer deposition (ALD).

ALDpulse.com became active in Spring 2013. As seen from the screen capture, their vision was to become the Home of the ALD community and collect together varied information regarding ALD: ALD Basics, ALD Equipment suppliers, ALD Chemical suppliers, ALD Coating services, ALD-related equipment, and many other. A description of aldpulse.com was included in the FinALD40 exhibition material, accessible through aldcoe.fi website as well as vph-ald.com.

Screen capture from aldpulse.com on Nov 26, 2016.

The information in the ALD Hall Fame in part triggered the VPHA activities (described in VPHA's article, in press in JVSTA as of Nov 26, 2016). The founder of aldpulse.com Annina Titoff helped VPHA to get started by publishing the original "Introduction and invitation to participate" and several announcements thereafter.

I personally would like to thank aldpulse.com for its contribution to the ALD community. Their most memorable part from my viewpoint will be the original Youtube interviews produced by aldpulse, e.g. of Suntola, Sundqvist, Barry, Ahonen and Ritala. I very much hope that this material will stay in Youtube after aldpulse.com stops.

The best of luck wished for the ALD Pulse Team in their new endeavours!

Wednesday 23 November 2016

Early ALD publications with two VPHA comments

Previous post reported early ALD publications with one VPHA comment in ALD-history-evolving-file, according to info collected in the VPHA-reading-overview-fileThis post lists the publications which have two comments, and still would preferably need one comment.

There are 71 publications currently with two comments. Most of the publications are in Russian, while some works remain in German, English, and Finnish, too.

Early ALD publications with one VPHA comment

Previous post reported early ALD publications with no VPHA comments yet in ALD-history-evolving-file, according to info collected in the VPHA-reading-overview-file. This post lists the publications which have one comment, and still would preferably need two comments.

There are 103 of publications with just one comment. Over 90% of the publications are in Russian. The list contains also some items in Bulgarian, English, Finnish, German, and Japanese.  

Early ALD publications with no VPHA comments yet

The VPHA reading & commenting in ALD-history-evolving-file has progressed so that the work is 76% done, according to the info collected in the VPHA-reading-overview-file.

There are still five publications without any comments and they are listed in the following table. Two are in Russian and one in Bulgarian. Regarding two, were we have not been able to confirm the reference info from a copy.

Tuesday 22 November 2016

Travel notes: 63rd AVS symposium, Nashville

The AVS 63rd International Symposium and Exhibition was organized November 6-11, 2016, in Nashville, Tennessee, USA (symposium website: https://www.avs.org/symposium). I had the pleasure to attend the conference to present a scientific talk on the analysis of ALD/CVD process characteristics using VTT’s recently developed conformality test structures.

My name badge at AVS 63rd Symposium. "Press" stands for ALD History Blog.

This was my first time at an AVS Symposium. Earlier, I have published in the ALD History Blog travel notes from meetings such as ALD Russia 2015 Moscow, Baltic ALD 2015 Tartu, St. Petersburg visit November 2015, HERALD Helsinki meeting May 2016, ALD 2016 Dublin, and Baltic ALD 2016 St. Petersburg. The travel reports are written in the style of photojournalism, from the viewpoint of the on-going Virtual Project on the History of ALD (VPHA). As many of the VPHA volunteers are potential attendants of future AVS symposia, I wanted to write travel notes also from this event, although I did not expect much progress related to the ALD history activities. As it turned out, the event was also interesting from the point of view of the VPHA.

Wednesday 16 November 2016

VPHA communication: JVSTA article accepted for publication

The email below was sent to 76 VPHA co-authors and 39 prospective co-authors.

From: Puurunen Riikka
Sent: 16. marraskuuta 2016 14:36
To: info@ vph-ald.com
Cc: Puurunen Riikka; Sundqvist Jonas
Subject: VPHA's JVSTA article accepted for publication

Dear VPHA co-authors and prospective co-authors,

It is my pleasure to inform you that our article “Recommended reading list of early publications on Atomic Layer Deposition-outcome of the Virtual Project on the History of ALD”, has been accepted for publication in Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A (see the JVSTA’s editor-in-chief’s email below). The article was written expanding on the contents of VPHA’s poster at the ALD 2016 conference (travel report here). Attached is the final accepted version for everyone’s reference.

Thursday 10 November 2016

Cover letter JVSTA re-submission

The cover letter of the VPHA JVSTA manuscript re-submission (minor revision) was as follows.

--- copy of cover letter begins ---

Nashville, Tennessee, USA, November 9, 2016
Dear Editor of JVSTA,

Thank you for the referee comments and your decision “MINOR REVISION” (November 8, 2016) considering our manuscript <code removed> entitled  ”Recommended reading list of early publications on Atomic Layer Deposition—outcome of the Virtual Project on the History of ALD” by Ahvenniemi et al. (in total 62 co-authors).

Referee 1 finds the manuscript interesting and a step forward, agrees that the work should be published, and judges the quality of writing to be at a very high level (9/10). However, the referee finds the manuscript unsuitable for publication in JVSTA, because “the manuscript as written does not fulfil the expectations for a technical review article”. The referee makes many suggestions towards expanding the manuscript to a full technical review.

Referee 2 finds the manuscript novel (8/10), of the highest possible impact (10/10) and excellently written (10/10). Quoting the referee’s words: “The authors have a done a tremendous amount of work for this manuscript and I personally think the community will greatly appreciate that.” The referee suggest the publication basically as is, after the correction of a few minor typographical errors.

VPHA communication: JVSTA article with minor revision submitted 9.11.2016

The email below was sent to 76 VPHA contributors. (Email sent 9.11. Nashville time, while the time log shows the Finnish time and accordingly shows date as 10.11.)

From: Puurunen Riikka
Sent: 10. marraskuuta 2016 4:46
To: info@ vph-ald.com
Cc: Puurunen Riikka; Sundqvist Jonas
Subject: VPHA JVSTA article with minor revision submitted

Dear VPHA contributors,

We have yesterday received positive referee/editor comments regarding our manuscript “Recommended reading list of early publications on Atomic Layer Deposition-outcome of the Virtual Project on the History of ALD”. You can read the referee comments in full below.

The editor’s decision was that (very) minor revision is needed. The need for revision being so small, we have created and I have a moment ago submitted a revised version (revision: a few missing spaces added).